Today, working through a text on Russian grammar, I ran across a linguistics term I had not previously encountered.
Other semelfactives include…
It turns out that a semelfactive is a type of verbal aspect that describes a particular kind of action that is incorporated into the verb’s root, not by inflection of the verb. Semelfactives have the following characteristics:
- Punctuality - The action is instantaneous, requiring only a moment of time.
- Perfective - The action being described is complete; and the focus is on completion.
- Atelic1 - There is no end of the action.
In Russian, semelfactives include: крикнуть , махнуть , and плюнуть .